Why are my veins popping out

Why are my veins popping out?

Veins that are bulging or popping out are also known as varicose veins. They occur when the veins are enlarged, twisted, or swollen.

They often appear to be dark or purple in color. There are many reasons why your veins might be popping/bulging out.

In this article, you will get to know what causes your veins to bulge or pop out.

What are varicose veins?

Varicose veins are also known as varicose or varicosities are twisted, bulging blood vessels that bulge just beneath the surface of the skin. The bulges in your legs, feet, and ankles are usually blue or purple in color.

They develop when faulty or damaged valves in the veins allow blood to flow in the wrong direction or to pool. They can sometimes be painful or itchy.

Varicose veins are not dangerous for most people, despite the fact that they are unattractive and painful. Severe varicose veins can cause serious health complications, such as blood clots, in some circumstances.

Why Are Your Veins Popping Out?

From the explanation of varicose veins above, you can easily infer the reasons why your veins are popping out. Veins pop out due to problems with structures called valves found in the blood vessels (veins) which are to regulate the flow of blood in the body.

These valves work to prevent a backward flow of blood and ensure that there is enough pressure in the veins to push blood in the right direction.

When there is a malfunction or a structural deformation of these valves, the pressure generated may be reduced and the possibility of a backward flow of blood in the veins is increased.

When this happens, there is a pooling of blood, especially in the lower parts of the body. This pooling of blood in the veins is what makes the veins pop out and become visible as varicose veins.

Symptoms of varicose veins – What you see when your veins are popping out

Varicose veins are characterized by very visible, malformed veins that commonly appear on the legs. Over or around the enlarged veins, you may experience pain, swelling, heaviness, and achiness.

Swelling and discoloration may occur in some circumstances. Veins can bleed profusely and ulcers can occur in extreme situations.

Causes of varicose veins- What is responsible for veins popping out

Veins that aren’t working properly cause varicose veins. Blood cannot travel backward through veins because of one-way valves.

When these valves fail, blood collects in the veins instead of flowing into the heart. The veins widen as a result. Legs are frequently affected by varicose veins.

Because those veins are the furthest from your heart, gravity makes it difficult for blood to move upward. Varicose veins can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Menopause
  • Hormonal changes
  • Tight or restrictive clothing
  • Pressure inside the vein from standing for long periods
  • Old age (usually over 50)
  • Hereditary (family history of varicose veins)

People likely to get varicose veins

Varicose veins can affect anyone. It may develop as a result of a number of conditions, including:

Aging

Vein walls and valves do not work as well as they used to due to the aging process. Veins become rigid and lose their suppleness.

Gender

Female hormones might cause the vein walls to expand. Because of changes in hormone levels, those who are pregnant, on the birth control pill, or going through menopause have a higher risk of varicose veins.

Family history

This ailment can be passed down through generations (runs in families).

Lifestyle choices

Circulation is reduced when you stand or sit for long periods of time. Blood flow can be reduced by wearing restricting clothing such as girdles or jeans with tight waistbands.

Obesity

People who are obese are more likely to get varicose veins. Carrying too much weight puts strain on blood vessels.

Overall health

Certain medical disorders, such as chronic constipation or tumors, raise vein pressure.

Smoking

People who smoke have a higher risk of developing varicose veins.

Are varicose veins common?

Varicose veins are a prevalent ailment. Varicose veins affect roughly one-third of all individuals. They are more common in people who were born as females than in people who were born as males.

Where do varicose veins usually appear?

Varicose veins most commonly affect the lower half of the body, particularly the calves, ankles, and feet. Pelvic congestion syndrome can occur in the pelvic area, especially in women who have had children. Varicocele (varicose veins in the testicles) can cause infertility.

Diagnosis of varicose veins

Varicose veins are visible and near to the surface of the skin. During a physical examination, healthcare experts can diagnose the disorder. They will feel and analyze your veins while you are seated and standing.

An ultrasound may be recommended by your provider to obtain comprehensive photos of your veins and check for issues. Sound waves are used to create images of tissues inside your body in this painless procedure. Ultrasounds can reveal blood clots and the health of your valves.

Varicose veins treatment

If a person’s symptoms do not improve quickly, medical therapy may be required to relieve pain or discomfort, as well as to address consequences such as leg ulcers, skin discoloration, or swelling. Below are some treatment options.

Ligation and stripping

With this treatment option, one incision is made near the patient’s groin at the top of the target vein, while the other is made further down the leg, perhaps at the ankle or knee. The vein’s top is tied off and sealed.

A thin, flexible wire is put into the vein’s bottom and pulled out, along with the vein. This operation normally does not necessitate a hospital stay. Bruising, bleeding, and discomfort are all possible side effects of ligation and stripping.

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which occurs when a blood clot forms in a leg vein, can occur on extremely rare occasions.

Most patients will begin to heal within a few days of surgery, although it may take a few weeks for them to return to work and other regular responsibilities. They will need to wear compression stockings during the recuperation period.

Surgery

Varicose veins that are big may need to be surgically removed. General anesthesia is frequently used for this procedure. The patient can usually go home the same day.

If surgery is required on both legs, they may need to stay in the hospital for one night. Smaller veins and spider veins are frequently treated with laser treatments. The vein is illuminated with powerful bursts of light that fade and dissipate over time.

Sclerotherapy

This treatment option involves a chemical being injected into small and medium-sized varicose veins. This then closes them leaving scars. The scars should diminish within a few weeks. It is possible that a vein will need to be injected multiple times.

Radiofrequency ablation

With the use of an ultrasound scan, a doctor creates a small incision above or below the knee. The doctor then inserts a thin tube, known as a catheter, into the vein. The doctor next inserts a probe that emits radiofrequency energy into the catheter.

The radiofrequency energy warms the vein, forcing its walls to collapse and effectively close and seal it shut. For bigger varicose veins, this surgery is suggested. A local anesthetic is frequently used for radiofrequency ablation.

Transilluminated powered phlebectomy

An endoscopic transilluminator, which is a special light, is threaded through an incision beneath the skin by a doctor to see which veins need to be removed.

They next use a suction device to cut and extract the target veins through the incision. This treatment can be done with either general or local anesthesia. After the operation, there may be some bleeding and bruising.

Endovenous laser treatment

A catheter is inserted into the patient’s vein by a doctor. They then insert a small laser through the catheter and place it at the top of the target vein, where it emits short bursts of radiation that heat up the vein and seal it shut.

The doctor threads the laser all the way up the vein with the help of an ultrasound scan, eventually burning and sealing it. This treatment is performed with the use of a local anesthetic. There may be some nerve damage, although it is usually minor.

You can also try home remedies such as exercising, raising the legs, avoiding prolonged standing or sitting, maintaining your body weight, topical creams, and so on.

Side effects or complications of the treatment

Within five years, half of the persons who have surgical stripping develop varicose veins again, and varicose veins can also develop following endovenous ablation.

These treatments may have the following negative effects:

  • Scarring.
  • The skin starts to burn.
  • Infection.
  • A nerve injury (type of injury that occurs when a nerve is damaged).
  • Thrombosis of the deep veins (a blood clot in a vein deep inside your body).

Sclerotherapy can have the following adverse effects:

  • For a few days after a needle was inserted into your skin, you may experience redness or bruising.
  • Brown spots on the skin where the needle made contact (for several months).
  • For a few months, you may experience lumps or hardness.
  • Sclerotherapy can cause new varicose veins, which require treatment.

How to prevent varicose veins

Varicose veins may be impossible to avoid. By leading an active and healthy lifestyle, you can lower your chances of developing them. Many of the same actions are recommended by healthcare practitioners to prevent and cure varicose veins:

  • Take regular breaks to stretch and walk around to increase blood flow, especially if you have a profession that demands you to remain on your feet for lengthy periods of time.
  • Raise your legs above your waist to improve blood flow to your heart.
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Losing weight lessens the amount of pressure in your blood vessels.
  • Stop smoking. Tobacco use destroys blood arteries, reduces blood flow, and causes a variety of health problems.
  • Stay active. Move around frequently to enhance circulation and avoid sitting for long periods of time.
  • Compression stockings are a good option. Support socks and pantyhose help blood circulate and compress your veins, which can help prevent varicose veins from getting worse.
  • Wear clothing that fits properly. Make sure your waistband isn’t too tight to increase blood flow.

How long do varicose veins last?

Varicose veins that develop while you’re pregnant usually go away on their own two or three weeks after your baby is born. Varicose veins may reappear after treatment for some people.

The takeaway from this article

For many people, veins that are popping out do not indicate a serious medical issue. However, if you experience pain or want to remove them for cosmetic reasons, there are treatment options available.

WRITTEN AND EDITED RESPECTIVELY BY:

Michael Sarfo
Content Creator at Wapomu

Michael Sarfo is a graduate of the University of Ghana, Legon. He is a content creator for enochkabange.com and a writer for Wapomu

Chief Editor at Wapomu.com

MPSGH, MRPharmS, MPhil.

Isaiah Amoo is a practicing community pharmacist in good standing with the Pharmacy Council of Ghana who has meaningful experience in academia and industrial pharmacy. He is a member of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society, England, UK and currently pursuing his overseas pharmacy assessment programme (MSc) at Aston University, UK. He had his MPhil degree in Pharmaceutical Chemistry at Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. He has about 5 years’ experience as a community Pharmacist and has also taught in academic institutions like KNUST, Kumasi Technical University, Royal Ann College of Health, and G-Health Consult. He likes to spend time reading medical research articles and loves sharing his knowledge with others.

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